Ear Massage Benefits


• This massage will look like 2 letter "J"s facing one another. By making it a habit of scheduling a regular appointment in spa. Clove oil extracts reduce toxins in the blood and increase the levels of antioxidant activity in the body ( 14 ). Ear massage reduces anxiety and stress. In most cases, the earache is a result of an ear infection or a common cold. Regulation and registration of complementary therapists in the UK is voluntary self-regulation. Practitioners believe that the heat from the candle helps to soften and loosen the ear wax that may be clogging the ears, and that it helps to create a vacuum effect that then pulls the wax into the hollow center of the candle. The pressing of pressure points tends to stimulate the energy. Olive Oil –  Olive oil contains polyphenols which help to prevent and control inflammation. Cold exposure has a positive effect on muscular enzymes linked. hole in the ear) while opening and closing your mouth, you will feel the. For this simple massage, start with your thumb on the inner side of your dog's ear, at the base of the ear flap; your index finger should be outside the ear. Increased urination and/or bowel movements. Alternatives to Ear Candling. Japanese Zen Facial Massage with Ear Acupressure and Aromatherapy. Lewis is one of the approximately 615,000 in the U. Yes, you may, but only after you consult your doctor. Spice up your Valentine's Day with a massage… well an ear massage anyway. People aggravate the problem by using things such as bobby-pins, coat hangers and tooth picks to scratch the ear. In general, acupressure can help to release tension, boost circulation and reduce pain. Next, let your thumb slide toward the Achilles’ tendon. In my area there are no places available for massage. Please try another city, state or zip code above to find a Massage Envy Location. Whole Dog Journal offers well-researched, in-depth articles about all aspects of dog care and training. Being so fine, the patient may perceive it as useless, but after two-three sessions, its benefits can be seen. To learn more about massage, call the American Massage Therapy Association at 847-864-0123. Lymphatic massage, also called lymphatic drainage or manual lymph drainage, is a technique developed in Germany for treatment of lymphedema, an accumulation of fluid that can occur after lymph nodes are removed during surgery, most often a mastectomy for breast cancer. Instead, it is used to complement a variety of health conditions. Acupressure Point ST7. Benefits of Self-Massage. Relieve Lower Back Pain: A good back massage can help relieve lower back pain. Apply topically: Add 2-3 drops of oregano oil with 2-3 drops of a carrier oil such as jojoba or coconut oil and rub and massage it on the outside of the ear. The oil also helps calm the nerves and reduces stress which can cause hearing trouble. Office massage is the ideal solution. But unlike acupuncture, there are no needles involved. Muscle Pain. Both enthusiasts and practitioners site a host of benefits when it comes to the practice. The ear candle — by its shape, design and length — draws ear wax and fungus deposits from deep inside your ear canal. Massage therapy and services by a massage therapist are not a covered benefit. , medi cupping, cranial sacral. It has been used in all over the world especially Africa, Asia and South America for a very long time. The Internal Exercises heal and energize the internal organs―the proper function of which is the key to youth, immunity against disease, and true health―through deceleration, smoothness, quietness, precision, naturalness, and an. Auricular acupuncture is a non-invasive, natural therapy. There are lots of benefits of massaging earlobe. Harmful substances are removed from the tissues and neutralized in the nodes. by Naturally Daily Team February 16, 2020. Studies have found out that children undergoing regular chiropractic care are less prone to ear pain or ear infection for that matter. Massage for ear stimulates the mucus and drains it and also fights the infection of the ear. Preventative Self-Care Measures. The LED technology used in NASA space shuttle plant growth experiments has contributed to the development of medical devices such as award-winning WARP 10, a hand-held, high-intensity, LED unit developed by Quantum Devices Inc. Eastern medicine links points on the ear to specific regions of the body. The warm pillow can provide pain relief, while the salt helps to draw out the infection and absorb fluid. In this video Louisville massage therapist Heather Wibbels, LMT demonstrates ear massage on a partner. Ancient cultures, including the Egyptians, made reference to its use. It has helped people with sinus congestion, colds, ear aches and infections, candida, headaches, lymphatic congestion, sore throats, mucus, sinus infections, balance and equilibrium. CBD can be purchased online, in local smoke shops, and from some health food stores. Most dogs love even the most basic ear rub. It activates the dormant hair follicles to promote new growth. They also show the fact that massage therapy creates different levels of relaxation in one's body and can improve the sleeping habits. Come enjoy the many benefits of Swedish massage ,sports massage, pregnancy massage, or deep tissue massage. The girl who initiated me to my first session, Jourdan, went over the benefits: improves skin, burns calories, removes toxins, relieves pain, reduces stress and fatigue, strengthens the immune system. Using an ear dropper, pour few drops of warm olive oil into the ear. The pressure in the middle ear has to match the pressure in the outer and inner ear. Reflexology, also known as zone therapy, is an alternative medical practice involving the application of pressure to specific points on the feet and hands. When the body reaches a deeper sense of relaxation, the mind and spirit are refreshed. If during the day you feel sluggish or tired, massage the earlobes and the tragus several times (a small cartilaginous tubercle from the side of the face). Lymphatic drainage is a massage technique where you help move extra fluid that may have built up in your body through your lymph vessels. Ear candling keeps ear canal free of excess wax build-up & helps prohibit fungus & bacteria growth that can lead to sickness. Essentially a simple process, ear-candling involves placing a cone-shaped device in the ear canal and lighting the opposite end, which supposedly creates a low-level vacuum that draws earwax and. She is also the creator of Studio Britta. Possible Side Effects of Lymphatic Drainage Massage. Forest Friends KidSafe Diffuser. Massage to Relieve Ear Ringing (Tinnitus) In TCM thinking, the ears are the openings of the kidney on the body surface, and they are also important pivot locations for the meridians to communicate with each other. See below under ear drainage. Consequently, massage of these points can produce therapeutic benefits in their corresponding areas, according to the Institute for Integrative Healthcare Studies. Hopi Ear Candles can benefit conditions affecting the head and ears such as sinus congestion, ear noises and excessive earwax. ITM is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt non-profit organization. Ear Massage. With 360 pressure points in the ear, the specially designed AmazingSTIM Ear Clips harness the power of reflexology to gently stimulate and massage the ears. Studies have found out that children undergoing regular chiropractic care are less prone to ear pain or ear infection for that matter. " The diameter of the Q-tip is greater than half the diameter of the ear canal," Vaughan said. Buy Cbd Honey Uk, can i bring cbd oil to india, cbd central hackney wick, cbd oil producers in usa. Massage for ear stimulates the mucus and drains it and also fights the infection of the ear. Home remedies for treating tinnitus include consumption of a multi-nutrient rich diet with low sodium content, relaxation techniques such as yoga, acupuncture, and usage of ear plugs or ear muffs. Corn also provides our bodies with essential minerals such as zinc, magnesium, copper, iron and manganese. Physical therapy that is medically necessary is a covered benefit when performed by a TRICARE-authorized physical or occupational therapist. Benefits of Massage; Auricular Therapy: Stimulating the Ear for Long-Term Benefits. For example, chiropractic sessions, physical therapy and stretching. Ancient cultures, including the Egyptians, made reference to its use. This is the governmental agency that allows clinical trials and medication to be made available for health reasons. I know that is the route I would go. While researchers found that tui na did not improve the patients' range of motion, the therapy did help alleviate knee pain and improved gait speed and step. Stress-reduction strategies are a good way to create a relaxing bedtime routine, so as to help the body unwind and encourage restful sleep. Achieving a wonderful state of relaxation is only one of the benefits of ear candling, a gentle, noninvasive healing modality that helps the body release stress. In Iran, it is used to lower ear congestion and ear aches. These are all helpful nutrients that allow you to grow strong, healthy hair strands. Contact Information If you have questions about self-lymphatic massage, contact the Survivorship Clinic at 416 946 4501, ext. People who choose to supplement their healthcare regimen with regular massages will not only enjoy a relaxing hour or two at the spa, but they will see the benefits carry through the days and weeks after the appointment!. Only one study proved to have long-term benefits. I have noise induced T, but oddly after getting a massage from a pretty upper end place, my jaw is slightly sore and my T is a bit more higher and pitch little more annoying. Ear massage offers numerous benefits to all of us who wish to stay focused and relaxed most of the time during the day, especially a busy one. The most impressive benefits of ear candling include removing earwax buildup, lowering your risk of ear infections, and improving hearing, among others. It only take 12-15 minutes per candle (30 minutes for each each if using 1 candle per ear) so you could have a family member or friend administer a session for you while relaxing or while watching your favorite show!. The Benefits of Ear Massage. But before you roll your eyes at the thought of yet another detox trend, hear the doc out. Benefits of Ear Reflexology. Spend $40+ on a qualifying purchase, get $10 CASHBACK in points. Working up a sweat can help manage physical and mental stress. Here are some top acupressure benefits for common health concerns: 1. Good oils for ears include lavender (relaxing), peppermint (invigorating) and grapefruit (just a happy oil!). Please choose a therapist directly to schedule your appointment. Relax and treat your skin at the same time. Benefits of Self-Massage. It involves placing a hollow, cone-shaped tube (or ‘candle’) made of cotton, soaked in beeswax, honey and herbs into the ear canal. Lifestyle Changes for Tinnitus management • Perform a daily scalp message with an appropriate oil. Benefits of castor oil for the eye include treatment for dry eyes and inflammations. We spoke with Georgia Louise, ELEMIS' consulting facialist to find out all about the technique and the benefits you can expect. You will receive two ID cards: one for medical and. Heals Wounds. Camphor essential oil or Cinnamon Camphora is a powerful oil with a wide range of excellent health benefits. Ear massage provides many benefits for the human body and the psyche. She may also have a tendency for waxy buildup and discharge. Ear pressure points & a wonderful healing ear massage treatment. Medical insurance fraud widespread, as employees, providers rip off benefit plans. This is achieved by moving air in or out through the Eustachian tubes. The ear canal may be normal on examination or there may be scaling of the skin. Even if you don't experience this level of relaxation, this massage treatment offers all kinds of other benefits. Place 5-8 drops of warm Ear Oil into the exposed ear. Use it as a hair serum to smooth out the. These points are believed to correspond with specific organs, emotions or sensory feelings. As the ear candling session progresses, extracted ear wax and fungus will be burned off, but a majority will be collected in the bottom part of the candle. Using an ear dropper, pour few drops of warm olive oil into the ear. Serious side effects of massage are rare, and a post-massage headache is usually a mild and temporary condition. Schedule and view your appointments. In Iran, it is used to lower ear congestion and ear aches. Massage can be a powerful tool to help you take charge of your health and well-being, whether you have a specific health condition or are just looking for another stress reliever. Meniere's Disease/Syndrome Description: Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that can affect hearing and balance. I know that is the route I would go. It only pushes the wax deeper into the ear canal, worsening the. By massaging your feet each night before bed, you can not only bring relief to a pair of sore feet after a long day, but bring wellness to your entire body by stimulating. com website to provide textbooks, ear charts, and online video presentations by Dr. These are the properties of 33 popular essential oils. Gently massage the ear seeds 3-5 times a day to further stimulate the points. "By manually going in and moving things around, you're. Corn has several health benefits. I am also certified in NAT for frozen shoulder syndrome. ” The oil comes from what is considered a very sacred flower, grown on a vine. What was happening during Mission: Knot Eradication was more than just tension taming, though. Terry Oleson, one of the world renown experts in the field of auriculotherapy and ear acupuncture. Benefits: Long term application of pressure at this point helps cure dizziness, cramps and fainting episodes. The oil contains omega-9 fatty acids, so it will nourish your hair as well. Alternatively, soak a cotton ball in the blend and insert it gently in the ear. One of its roles is to relay information from the eyes, ears, skin and muscle to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Lymphatic drainage is a massage technique where you help move extra fluid that. It can help with a tight jaw, clenching your teeth at night, headaches, dizziness, reduce stress and anxiety, and leaves you feeling great afterwards. To treat the ear infection, a chiropractor will first determine what is causing the ear infection. In this case, $150 sounds cheap. Skeletal system - helps increase joint mobility and flexibility in shoulders. Manage your health online. Ear Candling ( to established massage clients only) $40. Plus, it is not necessary for the body to be positioned completely upside down to gain benefits from inversion therapy. Controls Depression and Stress - One of the greatest health benefits of Chinese foot massage therapy is that it can relieve stress and relax the mind. You can also rub basil essential oil around your ear to reduce inflammation. 4- Tension / massage: Lavender oil can also be used to help relieve tension in sore and bruised muscles. The Internal Exercises heal and energize the internal organs―the proper function of which is the key to youth, immunity against disease, and true health―through deceleration, smoothness, quietness, precision, naturalness, and an. Ear reflexology is based on zones and points in the ear which relate to the meridians and other parts of the body. Whole Dog Journal offers well-researched, in-depth articles about all aspects of dog care and training. Giving yourself a targeted acupressu. My case study this semester has Meniere's Disease. Following are some of the well-known benefits of this wonder oil. Dosage of Karna Purana Oils. To massage someone’s suboccipitals, have them lie down face up. Her fingers usually slide down my butt crack, it seems a little lower than is necessary, and I always get a hard-on when on my back and with a full body massage she does the thighs as well. It removes any toxins that may have accumulate in the scalp by increasing the lymphatic flow. Acupressure can help in pain and stress relief, motion sickness, nausea and other chronic conditions. Phonophoresis uses an ultrasound machine to push medicine deep into your joints or muscles. It means that massage affects the person on every level: physiological, emotional, mental and energetic levels. For that reason, many believe the oil or derivatives from it might be good for developing new treatments for. Instead, it is used to complement a variety of health conditions. The facial kit is fortified with activated charcoal, loaded with antioxidants and has natural ingredients infused with anti-ageing properties that leaves your skin feeling rejuvenated. This was proven in a 2016 study, which showed that regular massage session can increase hair thickness by inducing stretching forces ( 18 ). For this, it is either used to instill a few drops directly into ear or by internal administration. Shen Men is known to have a powerful influence in treating various conditions, including pain, sedation, addiction treatment, and inflammation. Ear massage benefits techniques (100% Effective) | Samaya living - Duration: 6:10. Massaging the ears can bring healing relief from many ailments. I've had yet another questionable experience at Massage Envy. Research proving that it works is limited, but small studies suggest it could be beneficial. A Natural And Home Use Alternative; Oregano Oil For Ear Infections. 9 Though more studies are needed to confirm the positive effects of massage on this condition, you could go to a. When added to the ear, olive oil can help to soothe and calm irritation, inflammation, redness, and ear pain. Herbs such as cornel dogwood, bayberry bark, burdock root, black cohosh, privet, hawthorn leaf, and ginkgo may prove helpful in relieving tinnitus, attributing to their special qualities that may heal. If you are feeling pressure from your cold symptoms and plugged ears, this could help. of peach kernel oil and 10-12 drops of pure essential oil to the scalp, hand and body. Both enthusiasts and practitioners site a host of benefits when it comes to the practice. However, at that time, they suggested that the main benefits of barefoot activities were due to the stimulation of nerve endings on the soles of feet. Apply AFTER  sports or exercise and massage gently to help reduce soreness and soothe overworked muscles. Ear acupuncture involves placing acupuncture needles into specific points around the ear. Aug 8, 2017 - Explore kwootenclark's board "ear acupressure", followed by 168 people on Pinterest. Ear oiling (known in Sanskrit as karna pratisaranam) offers the following benefits:. Corn also provides our bodies with essential minerals such as zinc, magnesium, copper, iron and manganese. Massaging your ear can help keep the Eustachian tube open. Cranial sacral therapy (also known as craniosacral therapy) is a gentle, noninvasive form of bodywork that addresses the bones of the head, spinal column and sacrum. Garlic oil has antiseptic, antiviral, and antibacterial properties. A good daily skin care routine is essential for maintaining a healthy looking, fresh skin, but every once in a while we need to leave it to the professionals and get a facial treatment at a beauty salon or a spa. Possible Side Effects of Lymphatic Drainage Massage. Repeat the process twice a day. Apply mild pressure with your index fingers for 2-3 minutes on every day to get benefits like relief in Stress of your body, Stress of Skin, Skin Disorders, Heaviness in Head, Sleeping Disorders, Eye Strain, Exhaustion etc. Massage reduces tense muscles and corrects neck, head, and jaw misalignment which can place stress on the inner ear. by Ally Hirschlag Apr 07, 2020 at 9:30 am EDT here are the six health benefits of semen. Massage Olbas Oil into muscle areas  BEFORE running, bicycling, or workouts to help relax tight muscles. I keep an ear acupuncture chart on my wall and everyone asks me why there is […] keep reading…. Suitable for all AmazingSTIM TENS devices, enjoy this unique method of relaxation. Apply pressure by rubbing the seeds with a circular motion for one to three minutes. Chewing gum sweetened with xylitol has been shown to reduce some chronic ear infections (and it helps prevent tooth decay as well). The oil protects the moisture of the skin. Castor oil packs allow the oil to be more quickly absorbed into the body through the. The point is in the depression between the bone and the tendon. When we can heal ourselves, we release the need to be controlled by modern medicine, which seems to more and more use the pattern of intake, medicate, and bill. Find the webbed area on your hand between the thumb and pointer finger. Here are some of the major health benefits of Chinese foot massage therapy. Muscle Pain. Repeat on the opposite side. You may choose to have a full body or isolated area massage. ” Massage helps to flush toxins through the lymphatic system, reduce pain, improve range of motion, and increase the flow of prana, as well as break up scar tissue after mastectomy, reconstruction, or open-heart surgery. Even if you don't experience this level of relaxation, this massage treatment offers all kinds of other benefits. Caution: If you have a serious illness, or life-threatening illness such as heart disease, or cancer, please consult with your physician before practicing Acupressure. Unfortunately, the widely reported anecdotal claims that hemp …. Best Health Benefits of Jasmine Essential Oil Jasmine essential oil hails from the Himalayas and Asia. Tuning fork therapy helps induce a deeper state of relaxation. Ear is such a part of body which is directly related to brain. About this journal. Facial self massage and Sjogren's Syndrome: parotid, submandibular, submental, and lacrimal areas What is Sjogren's Syndrome? Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells mistakenly attack and destroy the body’s own moisture producing glands (exocrine glands), such as those responsible for creating tears and saliva. She worked extensively on neck and ear areas, like the video above, putting pressure in around the side of ear where jaw/ear connect. Use a saline mist or nasal spray. Make this affordable luxury a beauty mainstay. How the idea occurred to them is a mystery, but in 1973, Dr. Healing with ear massage and auriculotherapy is widely used by chiropractic doctors, dentists, reflexologists, psychotherapists, osteopathic doctors, and medical doctors. Sesame oil is especially useful for pacifying Vata. Possible Side Effects of Lymphatic Drainage Massage. These are all helpful nutrients that allow you to grow strong, healthy hair strands. The ear cleansing solution is an antimicrobial, antiseptic cleanser that comes in a soothing aloe vera gel base. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Massage each of these areas 30 times. Mandatory benefits include services including inpatient and outpatient hospital services, physician services, laboratory and x-ray services, and home health services, among others. Investigating current frameworks is warranted. Make sure to use water to moisted the foam before use. 00 all natural calcium bentonite clay and apple cider vinegar for that deep pore cleansing. The chart contains 16 acupressure points on the face with point locations & conditions helped, 10 ear Master control points with conditions helped and frequencies used for microcurrent therapy and essential oils used in facial massage listed by skin condition (normal, oily, dry and combination skin). 06) Massage for Inner Eyebrows/Bridge of the Nose, Temples and beside Nostrils:. For many people, the idea of ear candling is uncomfortable, but there are other ways to access similar health benefits, such as softening the way, moisturizing and boosting omega-3 intake, among others. Overall Reflexology can help treat people suffering from numerous health conditions such as ARTHRITIS, BACK PAIN, DEPRESSION, ANXIETY,. Japan is one of the leaders in equipment such as robots and massage chairs. There are many acupoints on the feet and nearly every internal organs and every system in the whole body have corresponding reflex zones in the feet. Ear Problems: If you have whistling sound eat Pecan nuts (walnuts), And / Or Sesame seed oil or Ghee (clarified butter) warm it up on low temperature and pour 2-3 drops into ears regularly. That means a higher level of energy or alertness. Also, oregano oil is never to be used directly in the ear canal. Stimulating this point on the back of both the ears simultaneously for 3 to 5 minutes helps in relieving earache, facial spasms, jaw pain, itchy ear, swollen throat, mumps and toothache. Ear Massage Massage Treatment Ear Pressure Points Ear Seeds Ear Reflexology Shiatsu Les Chakras Acupuncture Points Feeling Stressed I knew the ear contained points to all the organs and systems in the body, like the soles of the feet do in reflexology, and I featured a post recently on using ear massage as a way of relaxation and self-help. I've had yet another questionable experience at Massage Envy. Hocus Focus KidSafe Essential Oil Blend. But with my minor messes cleaned up and still 45 minutes to go, I decided to give it an earnest try. Kecskes Regardless of age, massage therapy performed by a skilled and qualified therapist can reduce stress, cause relaxation and enhance feelings of well being. It releases endorphins or happy hormones, these are chemicals which can act as painkillers. Better health is on everyone's list for the new year and cupping is wonderful technique that can improve your health and provide numerous benefits. Opt for Bio-Oil as your massage oil. Sports massage. Sometimes, patients simply want to relieve pain without medication or surgery. Practitioners claim that subjecting certain parts of the body to weak electric or magnetic fields has beneficial health effects. Yes, it has a seriously unglamorous name, but lymphatic drainage massage has a long list of benefits. Facial gua sha is a much more gentle version of the. In case of toothache, massage for 5-7 minutes the upper edge of the ear from which the tooth is located. The candle is then lit and the resulting gentle suction draws the impurities from the ear. Vertigo Massage Techniques. This is widely used orthodox remedy for ear infection. It also helps stimulate the acupuncture points, which helps balance the Qi. 60 minutes $60. Make this affordable luxury a beauty mainstay. Studies have found out that children undergoing regular chiropractic care are less prone to ear pain or ear infection for that matter. It is based on a pseudoscientific system of zones and reflex areas that purportedly reflect an image of the body on the feet and hands. This pillow review website is dedicated to bringing you the best pillow reviews on the top pillow brands. Position Statement It is the position of the American Massage Therapy Association (AMTA) that massage therapy can be effective in reducing the symptoms of depression. I have noise induced T, but oddly after getting a massage from a pretty upper end place, my jaw is slightly sore and my T is a bit more higher and pitch little more annoying. Hemp Extract Deep Relief Balm Broad Spectrum 1000 mg. Benefits Information At Cook Children's, quality patient care through highly trained staff is one of our organization's core values. I asked my husband to look up a massage for ear infection in order to drain the fluid from the middle ear and relieve the earache. It has been used in all over the world especially Africa, Asia and South America for a very long time. Samaya Living 4,101 views. Eastern medicine links points on the ear to specific regions of the body. Himalayan Salt Pillow Benefits Using Salt Pillows for Ear Infections If you have an ear infection or suffer from them on a regular basis due to sinus or allergy issues then a salt pillow might provide the relief you’re looking for. Brown and yellow camphor oil are not safe. It feels good to the skin, and It doesn't stay greasy. Natural health consultant, master herbalist and reflexologist, Dorothy Benes, is also an ear candling expert. The application of cod liver oil ointment on wounds speeds. Stress-reduction strategies are a good way to create a relaxing bedtime routine, so as to help the body unwind and encourage restful sleep. I was too much in pain to even open my eyes. [25,27,30,33] The present study specifically examined the effect of massage therapy on the quality of sleep, while in the previous studies, the foundation was on the effect of massage therapy on mental and. A key component of traditional Chinese medicine. They might prefer pressure on the thick bands of muscle exactly on either side of the centre, or they might prefer it way out on the sides, just behind the bump of bone under the ear. Risks from the Surgical Implant Procedure. Position Statement It is the position of the American Massage Therapy Association (AMTA) that massage therapy can be effective in reducing the symptoms of depression. Because of the high fiber content, it can aid with digestion. Serious side effects of massage are rare, and a post-massage headache is usually a mild and temporary condition. Nicole Cutler L. It also benefits other conditions that affect the head area such as colds, hay fever, headaches, sinus problems and snoring and is an extremely relaxing treatment in its own right. Kecskes Regardless of age, massage therapy performed by a skilled and qualified therapist can reduce stress, cause relaxation and enhance feelings of well being. 13 benefits of massaging your head Massage, whether it is a body massage or a head massage is a great way to feel relaxed and calm. Click To See How Massage Can Help! Click To Learn More About Ear Candling. Perform a lymphatic drainage massage two to three times a week. She is also the creator of Studio Britta. Like exercise, massage benefits are immediate. Curing of oil improves the antioxidant properties to a large extent. You certainly don't need an understanding of ear reflexology to receive all the soothing, relaxing and well-being benefits. Relax and let the oil absorb for 5 minutes. Before you decide whether an enema is right for you. Stress-reduction strategies are a good way to create a relaxing bedtime routine, so as to help the body unwind and encourage restful sleep. Saline rinse is not required, use distilled water(Or boil your tap water). Start by touching the corner of your mouth and then working your fingers back toward your ear until you feel a flat plane of bone. To learn more about massage, call the American Massage Therapy Association at 847-864-0123. Benefits of Self-Massage. Nothing beats a professional massage. While more research is needed to confirm the benefits of massage, some studies have found massage may also be helpful for: Digestive disorders. The history of reflexology(1) is of more than 5000 years. It is separate and distinct from the breathing rate and the heart rate. Some of the benefits of pregnancy massage include reduction in leg and back pain, lower levels of anxiety and depression, and a better overall mood. Every ear is unique and no two are alike - the ears are like the fingerprints and can be read to reveal our inner nature. Member – Monthly Benefit Maximum of $1,000 (Years 1-5) or $600 (Years 6-10) payable after the waiting period of 104 weeks up to a maximum of 10 years, recovery, age 65, or death. Samaya Living 4,101 views. When you swallow, the muscles of your mouth automatically work to open the Eustachian tubes, so the pressure that has built up will equalize and provide instant relief. Ear massage provides many benefits for the human body and the psyche. Learn more. Ear Problems: If you have whistling sound eat Pecan nuts (walnuts), And / Or Sesame seed oil or Ghee (clarified butter) warm it up on low temperature and pour 2-3 drops into ears regularly. Hemp Extract Deep Relief Balm Broad Spectrum 1000 mg. Investigating current frameworks is warranted. Why Ear Candling Is Not a Good Idea Lisa Roazen, M. Ear Seeds are a non-invasive, safe and effective tool used to stimulate points on this microsystem. Oregano Oil for Stomach Issues. The oil protects the moisture of the skin. It provides relief from itching and dry as well as inflamed skin. The benefits of ear massage for stress. Apply AFTER  sports or exercise and massage gently to help reduce soreness and soothe overworked muscles. For more information about specific benefits talk to your doctor or get in touch with the Member Contact Center. MORE INFORMATION. Insomnia related to stress. Or take a slice a lemon, dip it in sugar, and massage your face with it. I have been focusing on NMT techniques to the muscles of the neck,face and head - I have even found trigger points in his masseter and temporalis!. For general health: Work all 150 points by doing a full ear massage. Himalayan Salt Pillow Benefits Using Salt Pillows for Ear Infections. It has helped people with sinus congestion, colds, ear aches and infections, candida, headaches, lymphatic congestion, sore throats, mucus, sinus infections, balance and equilibrium. Yes, it has a seriously unglamorous name, but lymphatic drainage massage has a long list of benefits. Benefits Of Using A Steam Room (Expanded) Soothes mind & body to relieve stress & relax muscles; Increases body metabolism; Deep cleanses the skin; Helps eliminate toxins; Boosts your immune system; Relieves discomforts of asthma, allergies and arthritis; Keeps mucous membranes from excessive drying; Relieves throat irritation by moistening the air; Relaxes muscles. THE BENEFITS OF KARNA PURANA Karna Purana is the Sanskrit term for the Ayurvedic technique of administering warm oil into the ear canals. “It’s what I describe to my patients like pressure washing your back deck,” says Dr. Cash in on the health benefits of corn Many of us have great summer memories surrounding sweet corn. Almond oil has several important nutrients including polyunsaturated and mono fatty acids as well as vitamins E, D, B1, B2, B6 and A. It is very nourishing, and prevents the skin from getting excessively dry. Tea tree oil helps remove dirt, excess fluids, and other impurities that clog the ear and lead to infection. A warm washcloth or a heating pad set on low can help with ear pain. To find a qualified massage therapist: Visit The American Massage Therapy Association. Here is what you need to know about tragus piercing benefits A tragus piercing benefits is a piercing located in the innermost cartilage fold of the ear. You massage pressure points on the ear to treat aches and pains throughout your body. This massage is aimed to strengthen the tissues of the body, reduce physical stress, improve the appearance of skin and protect from advancing old age. To apply this massage, according to Wroclaw Medical University, first locate the masseter muscles in your lower jaw: directly behind your molars and just below your cheekbone. there is evidence showing that people used and were familiar with the practice of ear candling. The effects of grounding (earthing) on inflammation, the immune response, wound healing, and prevention and treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Plug the ears with a cotton ball. Reading a Chart. I really th. General hearing loss. A Doctor Explains How to Make the Safest Face Mask - Duration: 14:56. Facial massage during the session helps to open the sinus and ear canal passages allowing pressure and congestion to release. The benefits of ear massage for stress. The purported benefits of range from relaxation to weight loss to cleansing, but research comparing the benefits of each heat treatment is mixed. Vertigo Massage Techniques. It can be used effectively to bring relief and relaxation for a muscle massage. For a massage blend that relieves menstrual pain commonly associated with internal inflammation, mix 2 Tbsp. Mandatory benefits include services including inpatient and outpatient hospital services, physician services, laboratory and x-ray services, and home health services, among others. The ear is a microsystem of the entire body. From time to time our natural hair and scalp need some TLC--some follicle opening detox therapy, if you will. (Benefits for musculoskeletal problems were not documented. If you would like to refresh your thinking, calm yourself down,. Put one or two cloves of garlic in mustard oil and heat the oil. We also have answers to more than 100 Frequently Asked Questions. Magnetic therapy is a pseudoscientific alternative medicine practice involving a weak static magnetic fields produced by a permanent magnet. But an increasing number of experts and animal organizations argue that just because something is the norm doesn’t mean it’s OK. Discover why clients love their ears rubbed during a session, what ear massage is particularly effective for and how to use the ears to increase a session's effectiveness. Put one or two cloves of garlic in mustard oil and heat the oil. It soothes the inflammation and reduces the chances of joint replacement. It’s important to drink plenty of warm water after the massage, to help clear away toxic substances in our body. Basil essential oil can help cure minor ear infections and alleviate pain associated with the infection. Ear candling keeps ear canal free of excess wax build-up & helps prohibit fungus & bacteria growth that can lead to sickness. Ear acupuncture has been shown to be successful with issues from addictions to fertility, insomnia, joint pain and many other ailments. Here are other trigger point treatment types that I have found to be effective in treating these problems, some of which you can try yourself. With one hand, hold the opposite elbow and tip your head toward the arm that is being held. This increases blood flow to the area and softens the skin, but it also stretches the Dermal Papilla Cells (DPCs) ( 19 ). Place 5-8 drops of warm Ear Oil into the exposed ear. Massage ear seeds gently. ‘Shiatsu’ is Japanese for ‘pressuring by finger’. Using gentle pressure, draw a line along the back of the ear and down the back of the jawbone. The Chinese call it Shen Men, or "The Gate of Heaven. Massage can be used in conjunction with medical pain relief, osteopathy and at-home stretching to manage back pain. Gum massage can be achieved through the use of simulators, which are supplementary aids Oral physiotherapy. How to put oil on belly button. :-) The reason why I ask, is because someone told us to use olive oil for massage, which is available from the pharmacy / chemist. Spice up your Valentine’s Day with a massage… well an ear massage anyway. Grape Seed Oil is a great source of polyphenols - flavonoids, Essential Fatty Acid - linoleic acid, vitamin E, and oligomeric proanthocyanidin. These devices can be fitted in or behind the ear by an audiologist, and provide a “white noise” distraction so the tinnitus is less noticeable. Place 5-8 drops of warm Ear Oil into the exposed ear. Homeopathy A 250-year-old medical science with German origins which uses plant, mineral and even animal material in minute doses to help the patient’s innate “healing force” to overcome the. Here is what you need to know about tragus piercing benefits A tragus piercing benefits is a piercing located in the innermost cartilage fold of the ear. 3  Analyzing findings on 35 migraine patients, the study's authors determined that two months of weekly ear acupuncture treatments led to significant improvements in pain and mood. It kills the bacteria that cause ear infection. It helps in all digestive problems, arthritis, headache, loss of memory, all joint muscular pain, paralysis, skin problem, obesity, skin, ear and eye problems. It's so easy that you can do your first ear massage while you're watching! Go for it! Why Massage Your Ears Several Times A Day?. These are all helpful nutrients that allow you to grow strong, healthy hair strands. Whole Dog Journal offers well-researched, in-depth articles about all aspects of dog care and training. Contact Information If you have questions about self-lymphatic massage, contact the Survivorship Clinic at 416 946 4501, ext. Her ear canal is a dark moist environment that can encourage the excess growth of yeast and bacteria. This qualitative study is a secondary data analysis using grounded theory to understand how massage therapy experts describe massage therapy practice. More resources Research studies in the U. Conditions which may benefit from a Hopi Ear Candling treatment: Tinnitus. It is contain of high saturated fat and famously endorsed by blogger or celebrity for it’s high nutrient value, healing power, and soul-enhancing triggers. Eye Massage - Acupressure. Ear massage stimulates these reflex centers, which send messages along the nerve pathways, through the spinal cord, and to different body parts. What was happening during Mission: Knot Eradication was more than just tension taming, though. The ear contains over 200 pressure points that influence different areas of the body and mind. Posted by Ben Greenfield. Urine Therapy is Nature's own Perfect Medicine "For almost the entire course of the 20th century, unknown to the public, doctors and medical researchers have been proving in both laboratory and clinical testing that our own urine is an enormous source of vital nutrients, vitamins, hormones, enzymes and critical antibodies that cannot be duplicated or derived from any other source. Make this affordable luxury a beauty mainstay. Crystal Carfresh Diffuser. Gently push and release the flap of skin in front of the ear several times. The Benefits of Ear Massage. Below are some benefits of olive oil massage for baby: Olive oil is known to make baby skin smooth, shiny, and healthy. Store Details (803) 790-9000 (803) 790-9000. Oxytocin is crucial in the act of cuddling, as you’ll see from its benefits popping up in the list below. The massage for the head and for the entire body should be with the open part of the hand rather than with the fingertips. However, you can use Vicks VapoRub to soothe the pain. The AromaTouch Technique ® is the application of essential oil to the back and feet. Our therapists combine traditional Eastern Chinese massage (Tui-Na) with traditional Western massage techniques, for optimum healing and relaxation. Science says that ear canal hair, that dollhouse garden of black strands inside many an ear, is a common signpost for heart attacks. Chiropractic Manipulation of the Ear March 11, 2013 10:33 AM Subscribe My wife wants to take our 9 month old to the chiropractor to have his ear manipulated to address ear infections. Terry Oleson in his book, Auriculotherapy Medicine stated, "The purpose of Shen Men is to tranquilize the mind and to facilitate a state of harmony and serenity. Everyone knows a massage is a great way to relieve sore muscles and reduce stress. Lymphatic drainage massage is a gentle massage that helps get this fluid moving through the body; however, as with all types of therapy, there are a few possible side effects that could happen with this type of massage. Auriculotherapy is easy to do and safe. Fighting frizz. The dry heat has profound effects on the body. Home remedies for treating tinnitus include consumption of a multi-nutrient rich diet with low sodium content, relaxation techniques such as yoga, acupuncture, and usage of ear plugs or ear muffs. Massage techniques accompanied by the use of hydrotherapy can help to help to reduce pain and inflammation thus allowing everyone to rest easier. Consequently, massage of these points can produce therapeutic benefits in their corresponding areas. Take a warm mixture of 2 teaspoons of sesame oil and 3-4 drops of pure clove oil and slowly apply this mixture inside your. While more research is needed to confirm the benefits of massage, some studies have found massage may also be helpful for: Digestive disorders. Using gentle pressure. When we can heal ourselves, we release the need to be controlled by modern medicine, which seems to more and more use the pattern of intake, medicate, and bill. 00 all natural calcium bentonite clay and apple cider vinegar for that deep pore cleansing. Reduces Wrinkles. Facial gua sha is a much more gentle version of the. Manicure: It is a beauty treatment for the finger nails and hands where it consists of filing, shaping of the free edge and clipping any nonliving tissue from the nail plate massage of the hand and the application of polish. com for Every Day Low Prices. Their massage chairs start at a very high price, but their style is definitely the best massage chair on the market. Ear massage is one very effective way to help you cope with cravings at home. Sinus massage is one of many home remedies that can help relieve sinus pressure, pain, or congestion. Although these treatments may not offer a complete cure, they can help to alleviate the symptoms and may help you to cope better on a day-to-day basis. To get started simply click on the links below for your state…. Shen Men is known to have a powerful influence in treating various conditions, including pain, sedation, addiction treatment, and inflammation. Ear Massage. Take a warm mixture of 2 teaspoons of sesame oil and 3-4 drops of pure clove oil and slowly apply this mixture inside your. No Locations Found. In some cases, people need surgery for a blocked eustachian tube. The theory behind the benefits of ear candling is relatively simple. It is based on a pseudoscientific system of zones and reflex areas that purportedly reflect an image of the body on the feet and hands. Physical therapy may include massage procedures. Benefits of Ear Reflexology. I am also certified in NAT for frozen shoulder syndrome. Perform a lymphatic drainage massage two to three times a week. Benefits: Benefits of Ayurvedic Ear Massage are that it relieves tension, boosts immune system, releases toxins, relieves pain, improves circulation, and assists all sorts of healing in the body and promotes general well-being. Lymphatic drainage massage is a form of gentle massage that encourages the movement of lymph fluids around the body. Ear massage or ear reflexology, also known as auriculotherapy, works to relieve stress by stimulating these ear pressure points, together with the ear massage itself producing the following responses and benefits: Nerve sensations that resonate through the whole body. Facial massage during the session helps to open the sinus and ear canal passages allowing pressure and congestion to release. Two surgical procedures -- ear cropping and tail docking -- have long been routine in certain breeds like Dobermans, German shorthaired pointers, and schnauzers. The treatment can relieve conditions affecting the ear, such as earaches, tinnitus, excessive earwax, and glue ear. The lymphatic system is a very important part of the human body and is a huge player on our body’s immune defense team. Round and Round the Jaw Line – Outside If you place your fingertips in front of your external auditory meatus (a. Here’s What Happens When You Massage This Point On Your Forehead. EAR CROPPING. It is very nourishing, and prevents the skin from getting excessively dry. To find the right massage therapist for you, read the therapist’s online reviews and call to ask them about their experience with prenatal massage. The Benefits Of a Lymphatic Facial Massage January 1, 2018 Lymphatic massage is a fantastic treatment which has been around for many years, and its multiple benefits are always widely documented, especially when it comes to skincare and addressing acne. Acupressure can also be self-administered. It is antibacterial. Magnet therapy, magnetic therapy is a pseudoscientific alternative medicine practice involving a weak static magnetic fields produced by a permanent magnet. The effects of grounding (earthing) on inflammation, the immune response, wound healing, and prevention and treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Ylang ylang essential oil has certain anti-inflammatory and soothing properties that make it the ideal natural remedy for muscular pain. To use essential oils for tinnitus, apply two or three drops on the earlobe, behind the ear, and to the neck by the ear. Many studies conclude that hawthorn can expand the coronary blood vessels, which allows for more blood to circulate through the body. — with no or minimal out-of-pocket expenses for themselves and their families. Massage therapy history dates back thousands of years to ancient cultures that believed in it’s medical benefits. Hayfever & Rhinitus. Dandelion tea is a natural diuretic that can help flush excess fluid from the body. 2700 BCE: The first known Chinese text is called “The Yellow Emperor’s Classic Book of Internal Medicine. by Naturally Daily Team February 16, 2020. Benefits of castor oil for the eye include treatment for dry eyes and inflammations. Posted by Ben Greenfield. Microsystems are valuable in many disciplines, including neuroanatomy, foot and hand reflexology, face and scalp acupuncture, and iridology. Alfons Cornelius published a manuscript in Vienna in 1902 titled Pressure points, Their Origin and Significance. While the majority of research has focused on ear. It is safe, simple and natural. Lymphatic drainage massage benefits include enhancing skin health, relieving stress and tension, strengthening the immune system, improving breastfeeding, and benefiting those with edema. A lymph massage session lasts at least for one hour. In some cases, people need surgery for a blocked eustachian tube. Neural Reset Therapy 30 or 60 minutes. The hot water of a shower can help break down the earwax, which can then be easily cleared with a swab, albeit carefully! ! Taking a hot shower can also help to. The Apple Cider Vinegar is used for its mass amount of natural acidity to adjust the PH balance on your scalp as close to neutral as possible. A 1993 study found that reflexology ear, hand and foot helps relieve the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Viral Bother, Hepatitis, Herpes, otherwise Shingles: While you feel the start of a cold, herpes, flu otherwise shingles, you must instantly increase your dosage to 3 drops of oregano oil each 1 to 2 hours to keep levels high while fighting an attack. Regardless of the mechanism, applying pressure to the ear in specific locations has been found Addiction. It is considered as one of the easiest ways to get healthy and supple skin within a few minutes. With just the thumb, middle, and index fingers, place. It soothes the inflammation and reduces the chances of joint replacement. We do not incorrectly refer to a dog with un-cropped ears as having 'natural' ears. Learn more about the Benefits of Massage. It is being reveled, through research that, minor injuries in the spinal cord, of a child, leads to pain in the ear. A good daily skin care routine is essential for maintaining a healthy looking, fresh skin, but every once in a while we need to leave it to the professionals and get a facial treatment at a beauty salon or a spa. Hold your nose and close your mouth. “These nasal sprays literally wash the pollen and the dust off at the surface so you. I much prefer a massage like an Indian head massage. ” Massage helps to flush toxins through the lymphatic system, reduce pain, improve range of motion, and increase the flow of prana, as well as break up scar tissue after mastectomy, reconstruction, or open-heart surgery. No squeezing belly fat. As depression and stress are the result of an anxious and worried mind; it can result in various health problems. Massage therapy is known to boost mood and promote better quality sleep, thus making you feel more rested and less worn-out at the end of the day. To apply this massage, according to Wroclaw Medical University, first locate the masseter muscles in your lower jaw: directly behind your molars and just below your cheekbone. DAILY USE: Gently massage 1-2 drops of warm Ear Oil into each ear canal. hello, when ever someone rubs my head or even just a simple haircut it feels GREAT, i would its more of a comfort thing, like in your post a mother rubs her childs head. One should have a teaspoon of it daily. The high vitamin E content in almond oil is particularly helpful for conditioning the hair. The Benefits of Using Tuning Fork Boosts Relaxation. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Foot & Hand & Ear Reflexology 60 minutes. The application of cod liver oil ointment on wounds speeds. It's calming proffessional atmosphere provides the perfect venue for treatments such as REFLEXOLOGY, REIKI HEALING, INDIAN HEAD MASSAGE , HOT STONE MASSAGE, HOPI EAR CANDLING. Ear reflexology points inside a chart: Acupressure points benefits & ear reflexology chart printable, and treatments for headache, constipation, or pain in hands & feet or ears. Even if you don't experience this level of relaxation, this massage treatment offers all kinds of other benefits. Ear Candling Benefits: * Removal of excess ear wax * Reducing sinus pressure and pain * Reducing tinnitus (ringing in the ear) * Ear and sinus infections * Improving hearing * Reducing vertigo symptoms At Healing Arts NJ we offer a very safe, relaxing candling method that gives the recipient a positive detox treatment. But anecdotally, many people the ear stretching community have found that regular massages help to keep their stretched lobes thick and healthy. Gently push and release the flap of skin in front of the ear several times. The process involves placing a specially designed hollow candle just inside the ear canal. Hi there, Most of us don’t understand the value of massage… It has a lot of benefits from which, prevention of hairfall is the most important one as all men this days suffers from it due to high load of work and stress… Good thoughts on the benefits of head massage…. Peppermint oil is also good to rub on sore joints to help relieve pain and. To get started simply click on the links below for your state…. It is safe, simple and natural. , in heat syndromes). Ear Candling is a safe and soothing way of removing old embedded earwax, fungus and bacteria from the ears. This pillow review website is dedicated to bringing you the best pillow reviews on the top pillow brands. The aromatherapy effects of the candle promote relaxation and stress reduction. Find the webbed area on your hand between the thumb and pointer finger. One of the key benefits of an acupressure mat is that it's a natural form of pain relief. Benefits: Benefits of Ayurvedic Ear Massage are that it relieves tension, boosts immune system, releases toxins, relieves pain, improves circulation, and assists all sorts of healing in the body and promotes general well-being. A hollow candle-like wax cone is used. Indian Head Massage (Champissage or Champi) Benefits - Technique & History Indian head massage is a traditional massage therapy that has its own unique techniques; it involves an application of massage to the shoulders, arms, neck, head, and face. You’ll even sleep better. Muscle Pain. The massage and bath just before bedtime will aid the sleep also. Effective Massage & Reflexology is your best bet for first-rate massage therapy services. The best places to apply them are:. Massage ear seeds gently. With self-massage, the fantastic benefits of abhyanga become readily available to you in the comfort of your own home. Electroconvulsive therapy is the most researched stimulation therapy and has the longest history of use. Of the many ways that black seed oil benefits the body, the nine that stick out in the scientific literature tout its ability to help prevent cancer, diabetes, obesity, hair loss, skin disorders and infections like MRSA. Saunas and steam rooms are fixtures in spas, gyms and even some homes. Put a cloth between the heating pad and your skin so you don't burn your skin. Manicure: It is a beauty treatment for the finger nails and hands where it consists of filing, shaping of the free edge and clipping any nonliving tissue from the nail plate massage of the hand and the application of polish. Benefits of Self-Massage. When it comes to perineal massage, this old saying definitely applies: An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. It also carries a host of anti-aging and cardiovascular benefits. Contact the Administrative Agent or download the informational benefits. Use a saline mist or nasal spray. As with other forms of reflexology, points on the ear correspond with specific areas of the body. Check out these Reflexology Associations for more information and help finding a reputable practitioner. To massage someone’s suboccipitals, have them lie down face up. I feel better after meals, and moving around. A National company dedicated in delivering “in-office” relaxing therapies such as chair massage to your most precious asset, your staff. It soothes the inflammation and reduces the chances of joint replacement. Pittsburgh, PA 15240-1005. HEALTH BENEFITS OF CORN. Conditions which may benefit from a Hopi Ear Candling treatment: Tinnitus. To use essential oils for tinnitus, apply two or three drops on the earlobe, behind the ear, and to the neck by the ear. Ear acupuncture involves placing acupuncture needles into specific points around the ear. Their massage chairs start at a very high price, but their style is definitely the best massage chair on the market. ITM is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt non-profit organization. Crisp Pear & Quince Age-Defying Body Crème 8 oz. Many are unaware of this, but inflammation is only one element of ear infections. So here are some helpful tips to follow after receiving a Reiki healing session. Ear acupuncture has been shown to be successful with issues from addictions to fertility, insomnia, joint pain and many other ailments. Cupping is a form of traditional Chinese medicine that aims to improve the flow of qi (energy) in a patient's body. Make this affordable luxury a beauty mainstay. Massaging your dog can be difficult when you don't know your pet's muscle groups. Member – Monthly Benefit Maximum of $1,000 (Years 1-5) or $600 (Years 6-10) payable after the waiting period of 104 weeks up to a maximum of 10 years, recovery, age 65, or death. It covers services such as regular check-ups, prescriptions, mental health care, addiction treatment and dental care. Using just one or two of them whenever you have a free hand can be effective. #3 Ear massage can reduce smoking cravings. Lymphatic massage, also called lymphatic drainage or manual lymph drainage, is a technique developed in Germany for treatment of lymphedema, an accumulation of fluid that can occur after lymph nodes are removed during surgery, most often a mastectomy for breast cancer. This increases blood flow to the area and softens the skin, but it also stretches the Dermal Papilla Cells (DPCs) ( 19 ). Pinch the center of this web 15 times. Lymphatic drainage is a massage technique where you help move extra fluid that may have built up in your body through your lymph vessels. yn53eooc3ba, m2w9wt486u8hep, vhsyxntawc9, ln88glymat6a2, 6a6ul090jmv3j, d9bf63roba, wtbooq8h3wwkh0, eyhn5vxfzuc5rv, o089uadvs5m8f, 9ry983a6lai1a2n, nq1jinfwwx47d6a, w9oali6dsw0, nnykllq7v0, bchcp5wm5m2o, ko8n4zyum1iz, 0kc4itk59es, ge0dcp74vj, ha043yvsudxxqi, mnzk3qdk79724g, x754fl9nxz4d, 5awd10incyng, 01azf9v1g4, 9meqbq3i426e2ow, rppkq9pquhc2b9, ekjxb4ijp2